Aggravation of family poverty [Archives:2003/648/Business & Economy]

July 7 2003

A study on indicators about social gender '' State of poverty among householders, women, and men'' has explained that Yemeni women's activity is remarkably low in social and economic activity. A Central Statistics Apparatus study mentions that about one third of families in Yemen are poor and male householders, 7.5%, constitute double the female householders. This has led to an imbalance in the structural composition of proportion in regard to poor householders as measured to gender.
The study has made it clear that 4.4% of poor families are headed by female householders against 29% of such families headed by male householders. Female poor families represent 60.3% of the non-poor female headed families. Against this the proportion of poor families led by male householders represents around 49.7% out of the non-poor families. This confirms that female households are more liable to poverty in comparison with male headed families.
According to the study that which doubles the problem of poverty dependent on the social gender is the rise of the widowing and divorce phenomenon among the poor families headed by women and drops among poor families headed by males, also marriage cases are higher among families whose householders are male
The study also touches on rates of illiteracy among poor men and women. It has found out a rise in illiteracy rates among poor and not poor adult women to 71% -66% consecutively. The study also confirmed that rates of joining school for basic education, among poor and not poor women are still low compared to males at an average of 2 thirds of women are outside the stage of basic education. Theses data point out the rise in the proportion of poverty cases and illiteracy among the women leading poor families. There is a big gap dividing those families from others supported by males.