Climatic changes push Yemen toChange its calculationsplans for littoral areas [Archives:2003/645/Business & Economy]

June 26 2003

Experts of climatic changes Yemen is presently witnessing say they will continue for long and cause significant developments throughout the coming fifty years. This situation pushes the country to think seriously about changing its plans regarding the littoral regions and to working on using well-studied means for adaptation with climatic factors. The experts have also confirmed that global changes dictate on all world countries to join forces and efforts to work for reducing those changes dangers on humans, biological life and environment.
Yemen at the present time is seeking efforts for adopting measures and arrangements aimed at preventing damage caused by climate to environment and preserving human, natural and water resources. Meteorological centres reveal that during the coming 50 years Yemen would experience significant and effective climatic changes, for instance it is expected that in 2050 weather would register higher degrees of heat. Research studies also mention that percentage of humidity in Yemen will also be high during the coming five decades accompanied with increase in rainfall. In some areas in the country the heat degree would register higher scales that they are today and may reach at unbearable very high degrees, while the rate of rainfall could increase by around 30%.
The studies maintain that the northern areas of Yemen would be rainier than other regions. The areas in the coastal stripe of Yemen beginning from the areas of Dhiab, Bab El Mandab, Ras Amran, Aden, Abyan, Attaq, Dhafar and Yemeni islands would receive less quantities of rain.
Researches have attributed these changes in climate certain elements and factors influencing climate such as sun radiation, the Earth position to the sun, and the chemical change of air. The more effective factor would be greenhouse effect, heating gases and increase in the proportion of carbon in the gas layer. These elements and factors are resultant of industrial activity accumulation and its expansion and also to the consuming behavior in industrial societies. Since the 14th century these societies have been very detrimental to the gas layer of the earth. Since then here has been an increase in amount of the carbon dioxide resulting from car engines combustion, trees, smoke emitted by factories and forests. The Yemeni research team has studied some scientific programs mainly a program depending on trapping of sun warmth through calculating volume of world population and how much the proportion of carbon dioxide, resulting from population consumption, would be and volume of heir industry. The team has modified the world results concerning the climatic changes to Yemeni results by using another program containing 14 world experiments on predicting the condition of the atmospheric layer when there are suppositions on amounts of carbon dioxide in the world. The Yemeni research team has also affirmed that climatic changes in Yemen in the coming 50 years would have their strong and various biological effects, human health and his production and ways of life. This would cause internal movements and imbalance in population distribution in addition to other outcomes to have negative impact on Yemen's ambitions aimed at exploiting the littoral areas.