Corruption, the main cause for engulfing resources [Archives:2007/1023/Community]
Aref Saeed Al-Shaghdari
The recent report of the Transparency International concerning the states has been between a very clear estimation & a very corrupt one which has declared Yemen getting the degree of 2,6 points & being ranked 106 out of 158 states. As well as many regional & international organisations, all addressed one topic, which is corruption. Even the Sana'a-based UN Co-ordinator office has stated in an evolutionary report on the developmental performance of Yemen for the year 2005,in which he indicated that the corruption-related issues are often associated to authority elements & influential figures, as well as the existence of many factors contributing to the spread of corruption phenomenon & bribery amid the state employees. Many more examples of that like, the feeble wages chart, numerous complications, the ineffectiveness of control & audit system son all levels in addition to the random imposition of penalties & discipline punishment son the violating the law, the clear deficiency in the performance of the institutions concerned with implementing detection & audit principle on the different governmental administrations as well as financial issues & the state's public purchases. That is to say, measures & rules regulating those operations are ambiguous, which in turn complicates determining accountability & then carrying out the detection & audit principle on both the individual & sector levels.
Despite of the authority repeating a speech, people used to say, about the necessity for combating corruption, the deep-rooted culture manifests looting & plundering the public money in the governmental institutions & administrations, as well as in the private sector. This in turn makes matters more complicated, because the governmental apparatuses' performance lacks transparency due to the ambiguity of the procedural rules & disciplines regulating the work system leading to the spread of corruption.
To eradicate these phenomena, a firm political will should be available to defy all problems & face the forces, which go against reform. These tasks are considered inevitable necessity for modernizing control & detection systems, boosting institutional structure & enhancing Yemen's human capabilities.
In the end, the government confesses to failure of the 2nd five-year plan (2000-2005) since that a study was issued by the Ministry of Planning & Intl. Co-operation confirming the failure of the in the aim of getting to real indications for reaching a targeted gross domestic product estimated to 5,6% since the really-achieved gross domestic product average growth for non-oil sectors was estimated to 5,3%, (an unreal number) which went down at the end of 2003 to 1,2% after it was 2,9% whereas the gross domestic product achieved an average growth of 4,1% within the period 2000-2005.This means the entire failure of the 2nd five year plan in achieving what is targeted, the matter negatively affected the performance & efforts of poverty alleviation.
The question is, how is the government adopting a new economic plan while it doesn't evaluate the previous one & its failure reasons?
It is corruption itself.