External and Internal Reasons of the 26 September Revolution [Archives:2001/40/Focus]

October 1 2001

Bilquis Al-Hadrani
It is unfair to assess the progress of the revolution with regard to its goals. We can sometimes say that the goals were slowly developed and sometimes stepped forward. However, we cannot deny that the government has achieved great transitions in achieving the six goals. The revolutionaries have have left no stone unturned for the sake of this country and its people and therefore, we perpetuate the memory of the martyrs of this revolution. It is this revolution which makes learning, intellect and sound education its tools to change the reality away from bigotry, bias, ignorance, and isolation.
We believe that the revolution was a heroic and creative deed. This can be achieved through cooperative efforts. Thus, the 26th September revolution could achieve dramatic shifts in the life of the Yemeni people and could get rid of ignorance, isolation and darkness in preparing the way for new horizons of renaissance and modernization.
Concerning the reasons for the revolution’s failures, it is known to all that any revolution has to encounter many mishaps and failures. I do not think that the 26th September revolution is an exception. Any revolution must encounter problems, hindrances and frustrations. This will in turn greatly affect its progress. The real revolutions are the revolutions which have paved the way without any hindrances or setbacks and the 26th September revolution was one of these revolutions which could achieve a resounding victory in all aspects of life.
The main reasons for this revolution are of two kinds, subjective and objective, i.e. it is related to external and internal reasons.
* The external reasons were represented by the endless support to the retrogressive forces.
Britain did its best to suppress the revolution. It thought that revolution in the North would be a great danger to its presence in the South. This is what actually happened from the first sight. This forced Britain to cooperate with the retrogressive forces in an attempt to put down the revolution. Thus, all the imperialists and retrogressive forces rushed madly upon this revolution for fear that it may affect their future. It was evident that Israel was involved in that war. The arrest of an Israeli spy in Hodiedah was a clear testimony. These conspiracies against the revolution had great impact on the progress of the revolution. It blocked the progress and development of the revolution. War between the countries in the past had devastating effects at all levels.
* The internal reasons can be attributed to the following:
The absence of a well-studied and accurate strategy.
– The absence of the administrative and qualified cadre to lead the revolution successfully.
– Backwardness, ignorance and illiteracy, which remained for a long time, had great impact on the revolution.
– Lack of experience among the revolutionaries.
Tribal construction and its impact on the country’s dominance.