Financial reform and constructive modernization [Archives:2003/639/Business & Economy]
It is not enough to unleash the question of financial and administrative reform without genuine and serious intentions towards reforming our administrative bodies' conditions and between modernization and development of the system of civil services. It is also not enough without setting up a contemporary administration system and the obligation of introducing of clear mechanisms to control outputs of the financial system. Measures must also be taken to random public spending and squander of money which is necessary for developing of human element.
Administrative development is the attack point towards management reform and specialty in leading administration towards the targets realizing and helping increase of production and improving administrative performance as well as development of government bodies' services through new means of economic returns. Development of administrative institutions requires treatment of financial corruption phenomena and the work for qualifying and training human cadre. It requires focusing on reforming the levying staff working for taxation departments and customs and a clear definition of the bodies undertaking management of exemption from tax and customs duties.
The financial and administrative reform represents a revolution against origins of corruption and those who resort to trickery in dealing with regulations, and those who seek for getting rich at the expense of administrative production growth and increasing public revenues collected by different levying bodies. It is therefore significant that the administrative reform should be well planned and studied by scientific ways and achieving for the state financial resources feeding the general budget with amounts of money to be spent on building development projects. All that is in addition to improving the living conditions of limited income employees and raising wages at the state services and money-raising departments.
Civil service ministry has managed, as part of the administrative reform, to specify the causes of occupying jobs additional to their regular full-time employment .the ministry expected that by the year 2008 there would be abolishment of job moonlighting that reaches to around 70 thousand employees. The higher council for employment has approved dropping unreal names of employees. But hindrances facing administration modernization are still existing in other images such as nepotism and subjecting jobs to factors related to kinship and tampering with public properties. There are thousands of jobs granted to persons bearing no specialties and some are illiterate a matter affecting their performance and weakening returns of their departments.
Repeated complaints by private sector stress duality of authorities granted to concerned apparatuses by granting investment licenses. Bureaucracy is another facet of standing challenges against financial and administrative reform as attention must be directed to eliminating them and improving the climate for local and foreign investors. Inside the financial departments there are aspects of fraudulence in producers' rights and funds allocated to training and qualification are squandered. This poses another challenge to administrative reform and modernization of general administration in addition to causing frustration to human work power.
We would like to emphasize here that the process of financial and administrative reform has to include the reforming of all failures blocking the modernization of the system of civil service and the institutional re-structuring of public jobs and administrative units according to laws and systems aimed at increasing production and revenues.