Improve Your English – 213 [Archives:2003/692/Education]

December 8 2003

Dr. Ramakanta Sahu
I. What to Say
Situations and Expression (57):
Tribute to a teacher (VIII)

There is no limit to a learner's tribute to a teacher because a teacher's role in shaping a learner is too profound for words. However, here are a few more expressions of reverence from a learner to a teacher.

– You have made my life more meaningful with an infinite horizon to see by letting my creativity flow free and by believing in me. With sincerest gratitude.
– Teacher, you've given me the directions to be successful anytime, anywhere! You've instilled in me the values, that I'll carry a lifetime. You've given me standards to go by and goals to aim for. And I wish to thank you for helping me shape my life in such a wonderful way. Teacher, your're simply the best.
– For a great teacher! Beyond being a teacher, you've been a true guide, amending my weakness, highlighting my strengths.
– For a dear teacher who has helped me become an achiever. You've always been so patient and understanding, dear teacher, giving so much of yourself. So this comes with heartfelt gratitude and regards, especially for you.
– You fill my mind with knowledge true. You're always there to guide and advise. You're so very kind and I wish that Teacher's Day should be happy and nice. A tribute to you, dear Teacher, my window to this colourful world.
– The friendships and the fights, the pain and the ecstasy These are the wonder years! Dear Teacher, thanks for being a wonderful part of them.
– Sir, your faith in my abilities has instilled a new confidence in me.
– 'A teacher's influence never stops'
)The Education of Henry Adams
– You are a positive influence in my life. Your lessons and their morals are something I'll always remember. Thank you, dear Teacher.
– Thanks for making me realize the importance of simple things.
– For a teacher who taught me the true meaning of education.

II. How to Say it Correctly
Correct errors, if any, in the following sentences
1. He hanged the picture on the wall.
2. Had you gone to hospital, I would also accompany you.
3. He ran so fastly that he could escape easily.
4. I don't have the right of vote in Yemen.
5. I feel quite in home in your company.

Suggested answers to last week's questions
1. The police would not allow any one to enter the hall.
2. He came by an interesting advertisement in the newspaper.
3. The manager brought forward many arguments in support of his scheme.
Note: In a sentence we can't use double 'his' to refer to the same noun.
4. When she parted from her parents, there were tears in her eyes.
5. I will stand by you through thick and thin.

III. Increase Your Word Power
(A) How to express it in one word
1. That which cannot be excused.
2. That which cannot be taken by force of arms.
3. That which cannot be admitted or allowed.
4. That which cannot be reached.
5. That which cannot be perceived by senses.

Suggested answers to last week's questions.
1. A substance that kills germs: germicide (n)
2. Remedy for all troubles: panacea (n)
3. All of one mind: unanimous (adj)
4. Contrary to law: illegal (adj)
5. Not definitely or clearly expressed: inexplicit (adj)

(B) Foreign phrases and expressions
Give the sources of origin and meanings of the following:
1. Edition de luxe 2. elite 3. en famille
4. en masse 5. en prince

Suggested answers to last week's questions
1. detenu (Fr.): A prisoner
2. Deux ex machina (Lat.): A god out of the machine.
3. Dramatis personae (Lat.): Characters in a drama or a play.
4. Donna e'mobile (It.): Woman is changeable.
5. ecce! (Lat.): Behold!

(C) Words often confused
Bring out differences in meaning of the following pairs of words
1. pour, pore 2. quite, quiet
3. obvious, oblivious 4. profit, prophet
5. dose, doze

Suggested answers to last week's questions
1. meet (n) (coming together of a number of people for a purpose): An international athletic meet is going to be held here in December.
meat (n) (flesh of animals used as food): You should avoid taking too much of frozen meat.
mete (vt) (give carefully as if in measured amounts): Justice has been meted out in the murder case.
2. patrol (n) (the act of going round a camp, town, the streets, etc.): The coast-guards are on their routine patrol.
petrol (n): Petrol is a highly inflammable substance.
3. rain (n) (water falling in separate drops from the clouds): The concept of rain harvesting is not only interesting, but a utilitarian one as well.
reign (n) (period of rule): Shakespeare lived and wrote during the reign of Queen Elizabeth.
4. piece (n) (part or bit of a solid substance): The glass fell and was broken into pieces.
peace (n) (state of freedom from war): We want to be at peace with our neighboring countries.
5. pray (vt): They prayed to God for world peace.
prey (n) (animal or bird killed and eaten by another): The tiger pounced upon its prey.
6 marital (adj) (of a husband, of marriage, matrimonial): I wish you marital bliss.
martial (adj) (associated with military or war): Martial law was enforced in the country to suppress the revolution.
(The inadvertent error defining 'marital' in lesson 210 is regretted.)
7. loath (adj) (unwilling to do something): He is loath to share with me the secret.
loathe (vt) (dislike greatly): I loathe hypocrisy.
(The incorrect spelling of 'loathe' in lesson 212 is regretted.)

(D) Phrases and Idioms
Illustrate the meanings of the following phrases in sentences
1. work on 2. work up 3. throw over
4. set apart 5. run up

Suggested answers to last week's questions
1. set about (begin to do or deal with): He set about his new project with sincerity of purpose.
2. set in (beginning of an unfavorable weather, or other natural condition): Winter has set in early this year.
3. take after (resemble): The baby takes after her mother.
4. take down (note): Ahmed takes down detailed notes from the lectures.
5. turn down (reject): Her father turned down her request for permission to go out with friends.

IV. Grammar and Composition
Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it.
1. Although he had terrible pains in his legs, Mofed climbed the mountain.
In spite of ))
2. You're allowed to come to school without wearing the school uniform.
You don't )-
3. I'm not going to the party because I haven't got a nice pair of suits.
If I )-
4. It wasn't possible for them to get home because of the floods.
The floods ))
5. She finds it strange to stay at home all day.
She is not used )-

Suggested answers to last week's questions
1. You'll never guess who I ran into the other day. It was Ahmed! I hadn't seen him for ages.
2. I must write down some of this information; there's too much for me to take in all at once.
3. Oh no! We've run out of bread again. Can you go and get some more?
4. The flight was late because we didn't take off until after midnight.
5. Just before they went into the field, the manager ran through what he wanted the players to do once again.

(B) Composition: Paragraph Writing
Expand the idea contained in the saying

Last week's topic:
Freedom from any external control is a blessing. Servility is an oppressive curse. It is a great pleasure and privilege to be one's own master so as to live with dignity and honor than to pledge one's soul to another master for some petty gains. All the world's riches and comforts are no compensation for a life in chains. Freedom has no substitute. One may face hardships, yet one is at liberty to lead one's life according to one's choice far from the shackles of bondage. Freedom implies freedom of body as well as that of spirit. Man is born free and he should strive at all costs to preserve, protect and nourish it. Annals of history are filled with man's struggle to liberate himself from the shackles of tyranny, oppression, exploitation and domination and taste the elixir of freedom. There can be no denying the fact that man's greatest accomplishment, and his highest sense of fulfillment lies in being the architect of his own destiny which is denied to a life of servitude. It is crystal clear therefore that a poor but free life is preferable to a rich and opulent life but in deplorable bondage.

V. Pearls from the Holy Quran
” Those who
Obey Allah and His Messenger
Will be admitted to Gardens
With rivers flowing beneath,
To abide therein (forever)
And that will be
The supreme achievement.”

VI. Words of Wisdom
“When love and skill work together, expect a masterpiece.” )John Ruskin