Improve Your English – 281 [Archives:2005/896/Education]

November 21 2005

Dr. Ramakanta Sahu
I. What to Say

Situations and expressions: (82)

'Love you' wishes (III)

Blessed are the lovers who sit under the green wood tree and experience the alchemy of love. They taste the eternal charm of dynamic togetherness and thus become acknowledged ambassadors of this elemental spirit.

– Sweet Love! When I'm holding your hands, it feels like as if the time, the happiness and all the good things in life are in my grasp. Let's hold our hands forever!

– My Love! I'd give you the world and everything in it, but there's not one breathtaking view, no mountain or waterfall, season or sea that compares to the wonder of you. I'd give you the breeze to kiss your sweet cheeks, but that's something I'd much rather do. So I'll simply give you my heart, my love and a lifetime to share with you. I'd give you the blush of sunrise or the horizon in crimson design, but that cannot capture the light of your radiant smile.

II. How to Say it Correctly

Correct errors, if any, in the following sentences

1. Ahmad invited me for having dinner with him.

2. I asked Ahmad that when will your plane arrive?

3. I told Basham don't pull the cat's tail.

4. Abdullah said, Are you tired?

5. The book which I bought it at the book store was very expensive.

Suggested answers to the previous week's questions

1. If the strike goes on much longer, there may/might/ could be strict action by the government.

2. Could it rain ( or is it likely to rain) this afternoon?

3. Her parents may/might/ could have influenced her decision to resign.

4. I was in my office all day. You could/might have come to see me at any time.

5. The new bridge was opened six months ago.

III) Increase your word power

A) How to express it in one word

1. A person who takes great interest in the pleasures of food and drink.

2. A short, clever, amusing poem or saying.

3. The last part of a speech made by one of the actors at the end of a play.

4. A short description of a dead person, written on a stone above his grave.

5. An adjective or descriptive phrase.

Suggested answers to the previous week's questions

1. To persuade someone to do something by offering something pleasant: entice (vt.)

2. All the people who surround and follow an important person: entourage (n).

3. A person who makes plans for a business: entrepreneur (n.)

4. Having a very short life: ephemeral (adj.)

5. The place on the earth's surface where an earthquake begins: epicenter (n.)

B) Words commonly confused

Bring out the difference in meaning of the following pairs of words

1. convert, transform

2. fancy , fantasy.

3. oversee, over look.

4. entry , entrance.

5. insistent , persistent.

Suggested answers to the previous week's questions

1. enviable (adj.) (causing envy): He has an enviable academic record.

envious (adj.) ( showing or expressing envy): Many are envious of your professional success.

2. entomology (n.) (the study of insects): Entomology is an emerging branch in Agriculture .

etymology (n.) (science of the origin and history of words): It is useful to know the etymology of words.

3. each other (used as object of a verb or prep.) (when the reference is to two persons ): The two friends teased each other.

one another (used when the reference is to more than two): The members of the team congratulated one another for their spectacular success.

4. due to (adj.) ('due to' means caused by): The accident happened due to reckless driving.

owing to (because of) Owing to extreme heat we stayed indoors.

5. gamble (vi) (play games of chance for money): He lost all his money gambling at cards.

gambol (n.) (usually plural) (quick, playful, jumping, or skipping movements of children): Feats of gambols practiced by children are very interesting to observe.

C) Synonyms and Antonyms :

Choose the word that is closest in meaning to the one given at the top

A) Synonyms

1. somber

a- dull. b. quiet c. serious d. sleepy

2. thaw

a. melt b. freeze c. peace d. straw

3. volatile

a. hot b. bright

c. unstable d. undependable

4. obliterate

a. forget b. destroy c. remove d. change

5. orgy

a. organic b. religious

c. misery d. wild party

Suggested answers to the previous week's questions

Word Synonym

1. ballad a simple narrative poem

2. impervious not easily influenced

3. occult supernatural

4. gravy sauce

5. grapevine rumour

B) Antonyms:

Choose the word that is most opposite in meaning to the one given at the top

1. onerous

a. multiple b. weightless

c. effortless d.selfless

2. alienate

a. familiarize b. fascinate

c. naturalize d. prescribe

3. latent

a. early b. manifest

c. punctual d. antique

4- benevolent

a- spiteful b. ugly

c. obstinate d. unpleasant

5- fabrication

a- repair b. invention

c. imagination d. truth

Suggested answers to the previous week's questions

Word Antonym

1. divest clothe

2. adamant yielding

3. beget abort

4. considerate insolent

5. obscure expound

D) Spelling

Choose the correctly spelt word.

1. a. eflorescence b. efllorescence

c.efflorescence d. efflorascence

2. a. parcussion b.perccusion.

c. percusion d. percussion.

3. a. tebleau b. tableau

c. tablo d.teblo

4. a. harrassment b. harasment

c. harassment d. harrasment

5. a. tantemount. b. tantamount c.tentamount. d. tentemount.

Suggested answers to the previous week's questions:

1. preemptive 2. masquerade

3. mercurial 4. silhouette

5. decongestant

E) Phrases and idioms

Use the following phrases in sentences

1. variety is the spice of life

2. go up in smoke

3. have a change of heart

4. make no odds.

5. lull someone into a false sense of security.

Suggested answers to the previous week's questions:

1. bite off more than one can chew (to try to cope with more than one is capable of): Rania bit off more than she could chew when she tried to revise the whole course in a single day.

2. like gold dust (extremely rare) :The book is selling like hot cake and to procure a copy is like gold dust.

3. have one's heart in one's mouth (to be very anxious and nervous ): The official had his heart in his mouth when he was caught red handed taking bribe from a client

4. point (someone) in the right direction (to show someone what to do):I want to learn driving and I want someone to point me in the right direction.

5. patch up differences (to end a quarrel or conflict): I shall try my best to patch up differences between the two friends.

5) Grammar and Composition

A) Grammar

Use one of the following words in its correct form to complete the sentences below

range tasks expert unusual repair slightly sophisticated equivalent

recognize respond

1. My cassette recorder is broken. I'll have it

2. One of the many .a computer can perform is keeping your accounts.

3. Some of the expensive machines are much more .and capable of remembering more data .

4. We have a wide of models in stock.

5. What is .to US$ 2 in Yemeni Riyals ?

6. I'm afraid you'll have to speak up . He's .deaf.

7. According to , the earth's temperature will rise considerably in the future.

8. I didn't .him at first, as he had grown a beard.

9. Her illness must be very serious . She is not to the treatment at all.

10. What was .was that she had one brown eye and one green eye.

Suggested answers to the previous week's questions:

Word Word of a similar meaning

1. range assortment

2. tasks jobs

3. expert specialists

4. unusual extraordinary

5. repair mend

6. slightly a little

7. sophisticated highly developed

8. equivalent corresponding

9. recognize identify

10. respond answer

B) Composition

Expand the idea contained in the maxim:


6) Pearls from the Holy Quran

“He knoweth the Unseen as well as

that which is open. For He is the wise, well acquainted (with all things).


7) Food for thought

” Ability is what you're capable of doing . Motivation determiners what you do . Attitude determines how well you do it.”

) Lou Holtz