Removal of Disparities Among Classes & Individuals [Archives:2001/39/Business & Economy]

September 24 2001

The average of the aged people in Yemen has been estimated to reach 60 years, which means that the average has changed to 15 percent since the eruption of the 26th September Revolution in the north in 1962. After 39 years, since the beginning of the Revolution, the monarchy of the Imam was completely vanquished by the liberals, and the British colony in the south was completely defeated. The demographic statistics have stated that there is a relative improvement in the Yemeni social life during the republic system. Statistics have noted that, unexpectedly, things have changed in all aspects of life, whether social, economic, political or cultural. The numbers of young married girls has decreased to 14 years in villages and 16 years in cities, whereas the young married boys have reached to 16 years in villages and 18 years in cities. Studies indicate that the population size in Yemen has increased 68 percent. However, the percentage of the aged has reached less than 42 percent, whereas the youth have reached more than 50 percent. This certainly will constitute a heavy burden on the Yemeni economy. This will entail providing job opportunities.
The existing problems related to the labor division among youth have been marginalized. The youth find themselves without opportunities, due to aged people occupying available posts, despite the government’s orientation towards administrative and financial reforms.
The concern in the affairs of Yemeni society is that the there is increasing conflict among the younger generation and the older generation, due to the high augmentation of the aged of both males and females.
Comparative field surveys of the current situation and the situation 39 years ago indicate that the republican system in Yemen proved to be more effective in assisting women to participate in economic development. The social survey indicates that the powerlessness of the role of the media and non-attendance of girls in villages to schools helped the woman participate in the production processes.
After a span of time, particularly after the 26th September revolution in 1962, came a liberation of man from slavery and oppression, as well as the removal of disparities and privileges, not only among individuals, but also among the classes.
After 39 years of the 26th September revolution, Yemenis wonder about the kind of equality they have and about the prevailing privileges among the individuals and classes. Some say that social justice has not yet been achieved and that the disparities between the rich and poor have increased during the last six years. Consequently, the government has adopted economic reforms using more than one method, such as the high increase of prices and the high increase of both male and female employees. The people of this poor country feel resentful about the deteriorating situation in the country. Despite the government’s establishment of huge educational institutions, roads, health centers, and hospitals and the government’s orientation towards economic reforms, the majority of the Yemeni people still live under the poverty line.
After the unification of Yemen in 1990, the population of Yemen reached 17 million. But the economic crises have provocatively intensified. Some people mock the deteriorating situations, particularly in the south. As a political aim, justice and equality has not yet been achieved. In summary, the Yemeni revolution has achieved a lot in creating an infrastructure and building a strong army, while disparities among people have greatly increased.