Workforce in Yemen More qualified workers needed [Archives:2004/795/Business & Economy]

December 2 2004

A recent study has confirmed the gap between supply and demand of the workforce can be attributed to lack of qualifications in fields that the labour market is in need of.
The study recommends joining all national forces in order to bridge that gap, and to adopt technological means as well as qualifying workers at training centers.
The study has confirmed results of the survey made for the workforce, carried out by the ministry of Social Affairs in association with the Statistics Central Apparatus, United Nations Development Programme and the regional office of the International Labour Orgainsation (ILO) in Beirut.
Results of that survey indicated that there were negative indicators and results, the survey reached, concerning the work local forces.
The study has also said that there is a problem in defining the volume of labour market demand and weakness in accommodating outputs of education.
It said that the problem is accumulative and has its social, economic and psychological connections, in addition to its relationship with the level of awareness of the people regarding the concept of work and its values.
The study requested general reconsideration of education and the creation of the interconnection between the three educational stages, university, technical and general. It says that is one of the significant and essential factors for bridging the existing gap between supply and demand.
It also demanded the association of higher education outputs with the specialized parties that would in turn undertake determining the type of required specialties and the volume of labour.
The study also stressed the importance of responding to the request of the prime minister in this regard, in which he emphasized the social and national responsibility of the private sector concerning qualification and training as well as production. That would consequently increase production and absorb part of education outputs.
In addition is his calling attention to the most outstanding indicators reached by the survey, which confirmed the increasing need of technicians and specialists.
The survey, conducted by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour and the Social Fund for Development, had targeted the creation of detailed statements on conditions of institutions, their employees and their future requirements of qualified work forces.
It also aimed at defining the existing situations in the labour market and the benefit from results of analysis in order to draw up policies and programs concerning the labour markets and its future needs.
The aim of that is to realize balance between supply and demand for the work forces, a matter which would help alleviate unemployment and improve performance of institutions through providing them with qualified and trained human talents that would respond to their changeable needs.
The number of establishments targeted by the survey was 7,113. Some 6,450 installations also responded to the survey, so that the response constituted 90.8% in the entire country.
The net demand of workforce during the years 2004-2006 has amounted to 44,468 requests.
The results mentioned that 29.7% of installations included in the survey are facing deficit in technical and assistant professionals, while 25.2% of them are facing shortages in specialist's jobs.
The survey elucidated that the number of employees needing training and employment is 42,277 workers composing a proportion of 16.4% out of the total workers in installations covered by the survey.
The survey explains that the rate of estimated yearly increase of the workforce supply is 168,000 persons.
In conclusion, there are numbers of proposed remedies for the labour market by increasing opportunities of training and qualification and finding skilled workers of technicians and professionals.
It is also necessary that training centers should respond to requirements and developments of the labour market.
Yemen had been selected as part of eight countries in the world for participating in the project of the world millennium for the development of an enlarged strategy for decreasing.
Results of the survey would help evaluate multi-needs necessary for the millennium project.