Al-Thawry [Archives:2003/646/Press Review]

June 30 2003

26 June 2003
Main headlines:
– Jaralla Omer assassination case postponed
– Aden did not become free, no longer safeguarded
– Attempted assassination against a YSP leader
– Jaralla Omar killer: I told al-Sarami and Maharam on my intention to kill Jaralla Omar

The writer Anees Abdulla Awshan says it can be said that corruption that affects societies is not at the same level. It can be divided theoretically into three levels. I insist on the theoretical term because practically it is difficult to draw a dividing line between the three levels of corruption. The first of these levels is the partial one that we have to expect its presence in all societies and is chased by he state's monitoring apparatuses. It is dealt with by judiciary and is considered a negative value. The one who adopts it tries to hide it from the society. The second level of corruption is that which is widespread in the society as a phenomenon and strong presence. There is no need for hiding because it competes with fairness and decency. There is no real shame of it when someone is discovered to be affiliated to the camp of corruption, and thus the effort for fighting corruption is very slow. The reasons either because of the influence of the corrupt status and large number or because of the huge volume of corruption issues and shortage in the human capability to fight it. The third category of corruption is that which is an adopted policy, which is the most dangerous level of corruption. This kind of corruption flourishes when the authorities themselves adopt it for tackling some political and social phenomena. At this point fighting of corruption by the state becomes in itself corruption. Here the individual corruption is the necessary condition for him to assume senior political and administrative posts in the state and its institutions.