Najeeb [Archives:1999/38/Najeeb]

September 20 1999

Najeeb Qahtan Al-Shaabi  Independent Candidate for the 1999 Presidential Elections of Yemen:
Election Program

* He was born in 1953 in Shaab village in Lahj. His father chose Najeebs name in respect for General Mohammed Najeeb who leaded Egypt after the revolution on July 23, 1952. 
* He received his primary and secondary education in Aden. 
* He received his university studies in Egypt, and graduated from faculty of economic and political sciences in Cairo, in 1976. 
* He got his Master Degree (MA) from faculty of economic and political sciences of Cairo university, under the title The Revolution Movement and Confrontation in South Yemen. 
* In 1983 he was registered at the same faculty to get his Ph.D., and prepared a theses titled The Political Integration Between South and North Yemen. 
* In 1959 he traveled with his brothers and his mother to join his father who was one of the leaders for Ibn Elyaman League. He escaped from South Yemen to North (Mutawakiliye Kingdom). He was pursed by the British Authorities because of his political activity. 
* After the revolution on September 26, 1962, his father was installed as a councilor for the President of the Republic, and as a Minister for South Affairs. But he left all those positions in order to be capable of establishing the National Front, which burnt the revolution on October 14, 1963 against the British conquests. It strove in bravery until getting the independence on November 30, 1967. Then, his father, Qahtan Al-Shaabi was installed as a president for the Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen. 
* His father resigned from the presidency on June 22, 1969 because of a hot confrontation with the Marxists flank. Then, they put hem in jail in Aden without making any trial with him. His death was declared in 1976. After that, Najeeb moved with his mother and brothers to Sanaa to live there. 
* Faisal Abdullatif Al-Shaabi, the uncle of Najeeb Qahtan was the one who established the branch of Arab Nationals Movement in Yemen. He also was the second man leading the National Movement, and the leader of the liberation battle, 14th of October. After the independence, he became Minister of the Government. As he resigned with Qahtan Al- Shaabi, he was put and killed in prison, in 1970. 
* His grandfather is Al-Sheik Abdullatif Al- Shaabi, who was recognized as Sheik for Assabeha tribe. He was the only cultural man in the area. He was able to speak different languages. He was brave, generous and wise. His reputation was known by Al-khelafah Al- Othmaniah, and then he was asked to visit it, then he became a representative for Ottoman authority in South Yemen. The British Authorities wanted to install him as a ruler for Aden during the 1930s, but he refused this position. Then, they installed him as a ruler for Lahj, but he was assassinated at his home in Shaab valley. His brother, Mohammed Rashad Al- Shaabi occupied the Sheikdom, and waged a battle to take the revenge for his brother. The Sheikdom transferred to his son, Abdulqawi M. Rashad, Najeebs uncle who is recently a member of Aden free zone administrative board. The socialist system arrested him with a number of patriots as Ali Abdulaleim and Salem Ali Al-Kendi, immediately after June 22, 1969. He was kept in prison more than ten years while Abdulaleim was assassinated there. 
* While the declaration of the Unity, Najeeb became a member of the Parliament. 
* He was affiliated to the General Peoples Conference. In the same year he was elected by the Conference as a member of the Permanent Committee, Supreme Command. 
* He was installed in the Consultative Association of the President for the Parliament affairs in 1997, which consists of six members, but he resigned because he wants to candidate himself for the elections. 
* In 1997 Najeeb was elected for the Parliament. He is also a member of the Development Committee for petroleum and mineral wealth in the Parliament. 
* He supported Yemens Unity during the war in 1994, and got the unity medal from the President Saleh. 
* He has a political writings published in most of the known Yemeni newspapers. 
* He was elected as Vice-secretary general for Yemeni-Egyptian Brotherhood Association which was established since three years. He still practicing his activity in this association. He also was elected as an honorable Chief for Charitable Shaab Valley Association which was established in this year. 
* He is married and has four sons. The eldest one, Qahtan is studying at the faculty of medicine, fourth level, the other three are Nehal, Mohammed and Rehad. Presidential Election Program 
In the past, people from the different separated parts of Yemen, had been awaiting the moment of unification till it was achieved in May 1990. 
The unification of Yemen was achieved to guarantee the political activities, human rights and the peaceful transfer of power through a civilized constitution. 
The right to vote entitled to all Yemenis is a sign of the political development that has placed our country in a high position in the world community. 
The Yemeni people have witnessed two parliamentarian elections and they are getting ready to witness the first direct presidential elections. 
The peoples strong belief in democracy is the best guarantee for their development in all levels. 
We are sure that the Yemeni people will not abandon their  right to vote in order to reach a civilized and  happy society. For equality and happiness to prevail in our society, and to strengthen the democratic principles, I have nominated myself for the 1999 Presidential election and here is my platform: 
General Principles 
1- Commitment to the Islamic Religion 
2- Protecting the Yemeni Unity on peaceful and democratic principles 
3- Equality 
4- Prevalence of law 
5- Democracy and the peaceful transfer of power 
6- Separation of the three authorities: the Executive Authority, the Legislative Authority and the Juridical Authority. 
The Social Policy 
1- Personal liberty 
2- Free education 
3- Establishing centers for scientific researches 
4- Providing medicine for all people 
5- Providing health services for all people 
6- Supporting the handicapped Societies 
7- Enabling women to practice their political as well as social  rights 
8- Building new residential apartments for people of limited income 
9- providing jobs for the unemployed 
10- Fighting all the negative phenomena, such as, chewing qat and blood revenge 
The Economical Policy 
1- Personal economical liberty 
2- Managing the economical activity 
3- Verifying the economical activities as well as utilizing all the possible economical resources 
4- Applying an economical policy that will lead the country to self-sufficiency. 
5- Managing the foreign support in a way that does not affect  the national sovereignty and the peoples living standard 
6- Applying an independent economical policy 
7- Preventing the World Bank and the International Fund and the like from making conditions that harm the Yemenis interests 
8- Avoiding the negative outcome that may result from the policy of the economical reform 
9- Allowing privatization on the ground of stopping the monopolization of any economical activity 
10- Preparing the Republic administratively and  economically to cope with  globalization 
11- Encouraging and supporting the economical activities practiced by the majority of people like, agriculture and fishing 
12- Improving the Tourism and Investment sectors as well as exploiting the strategic location of Yemen in the field of sea and air transportation 
13- Planning an economical prospective for the society to reach through real developmental plans and strategies. 
The Foreign Affairs 
1- Making principles for the foreign affairs 
2- Closing the Yemeni embassies that are of no use, decreasing the number of its employees as well as  the     expenditure of the diplomatic representation 
3- Reorganizing the diplomatic corps 
4- Settling down all the disputes with the other countries through peaceful means 
The Media 
1- Freedom of press 
2- Independence of TV and radio 
3- Providing the possible facilities for  the press in order to reach the truth 
4- Providing the dependent as well as the independent newspaper with the same equal chances to get the news and information from its sources 
5- Preserving the rights as well as the integrity of journalists 
Security and Defense 
1- Activating the role the security systems play to preserve security and stability 
2- Treating outlaws equally 
3- Prohibiting the military forces from involving in the political and administrative affairs 
4- Improving the military forces to make it an establishment for protecting the Yemeni constitution as well as the Yemeni borders 
Combating Corruption 
1- Calling the corrupt to account 
2- Establishing supervising departments to control and combat corruption 
3- Making laws against corruption 
The Judicial Authority 
1- Independence of judiciary 
2- Combating corruption and the corrupt in judiciary 
3- Allocating just and fair allowances for judges and calling t o account all the corrupt ones 
The Legislative Authority 
1- Encouraging the Parliament to practice its legislative role 
2- Activating the role played by the parliament in the field of supervision. 
3- Providing the parliament members with their constitutional  right to investigate the President of  the State as well as its members 
4- Breaking the Parliament up when it violates the States constitution 
The Executive Authorities 
1- Executing a real local government 
2- Decreasing the number of Ministries as well as their expenditure 
3- Choosing the Government members according to their  qualification 
4- Applying the principles of qualification and competition in applying for jobs 
5- Enhancing transparency and accountability in all the Government institutions 
6- Preventing interference in the judicial and Legislative Authorities.