Administration:The gate to comprehensive reforms [Archives:2005/892/Opinion]

November 7 2005

By Prof. Dr. Abdulaziz al-Tarb
Genuine administrative reforms represent the actual entrance and crossing gate for the ideal implementation of comprehensive reforms in all areas as well as to attain the situation of coordination and integration intended from the process of comprehensive reforms.

The priority in the administrative reform is in its connection to the process of commitment to law and order and the application of their terms seriously and honestly, not accepting impairment or prone to selectivity. This is the point that enables the process to attain the farthest range in realization of its renascence goals so that completion and prevalence of the state of law and order one of its most and more sublime objective.

As the president pointed out in his latest visit to the ministry of civil service work with order would disseminate the feeling that those who follow the law can acquire and gain all he rights that is one of the strongest requirements and conditions of fixing the connection and relationship with the law and order in the general conduct, and constitutes the real guarantee for the application and realistic embodiment of legislated laws. The certain thing is that the administrative problem is the basis and major cause of the phenomena of failures engulfing performance in various aspects and fields of life. Mostly the administrative problems springing from defects in efficiency and failing in carrying out terms of law and order that provides vent for interference of other practices imposing their effects on the course of the management process, such as mediations, nepotism and change the management process upside down in such a way that the interest of civil servant becomes a priority rather than the citizen for whom the officialdom was created in order to run his and the society's affairs, easing the dealings and securing sound relations among society members.

Given the consideration that the employee's duty is to work through the authority of the law legislated by parliament, officialdom becomes a popular authorization to serve and achieve public interest. Reform of administrative disorders and riddance of the civil service apparatus of double jobs and disguised unemployment, the returns would certainly be in the saving of billions of riyals and providing thousands of jobs for those deserving them of university graduates. Consequently, efficiencies would find their way to occupy their deserved position and undertake their aspired roles in the administrative apparatus in the way meeting requirements of productive operation with utmost degrees of effectiveness and positive states, especially in development projects and services establishments.

Administrative reforms could be supported with many important enhancements leading it to the farthest distances of success through orientations of the educational revolution, which is scheduled next year when the present style of education would be abandoned and moved to curricula grouping both coping with modern developments in science and humanities and meeting the requisites of the labor market and consequently the requirements of development and building Human Capital in Yemen. The significant issue is joining interests and national efforts and working in coordination and integration with requirements of administrative reforms and educational revolution. In this context, the monitoring role of the parliament has to be enhanced because a strong parliament would be a major help to the government in its programs instead of a weak parliament controlled by the government, instead of its being monitor and practice accounting it and its performance.

It also seems important the more contribution and role of the political and social forces and the whole question is in need of interaction and dealing with it with live national conscience aiming development and realization of Yemeni comprehensive development.

In my personal view we need to establish an independent apparatus undertaking affairs of the civil service and administrative reform. It is also required the appointment of a state minister for administrative development whose executive establishment would be the national institute for administrative sciences, whose name should be changed to become an apparatus for qualifying and graduating leaders. The yearly increment and promotion should also be connected to education degree, training and qualification so that to urge all to compete in the best interest of society and to raise the slogan of simplified management with less cost and higher productivity.

Metaphorically speaking, genuine administration was murdered not in Yemen alone but rather in all of the developing countries. Its murderers are the executive and legislative apparatuses. Can we in this regard overcome this while we are in the process of applying a new strategy?