Administrative reform begins from society [Archives:2007/1014/Opinion]
Dr. Abdulaziz al-Tarb
In the light of world variables international experts are unanimous that administration reform is an important factor that must not be overlooked at any rate due to its prominent role on which the rest of reforms are built. It has become an inevitable necessity insistently pushing itself forward because of its comprehensive characteristic and local peculiarity in countries and societies.
As a matter of fact that most of developing countries, including Yemen, are still suffering by following traditional ways of work and this affects how administration functions and weakens administrative capabilities of the state establishments. There is an ambiguity in the systems, contradictions in legislations and absence of coordination and transparency and legal accountability as well as objectivity in taken decisions.
What is eye-catching is that there is no similarity between senior postman experiences. There is still nepotism, weakness in monitoring, an absence of rules for evaluation and non-application of principles of reward and punishment as well as all forms of transparency and accountability and that provided opportunity for the growth of collective administrative corruption.
As a specialist in administration organization I have conducted many studies and visions since the beginnings of the 90s, demanding the abolishment of institutions that are corrupt and working to establish alternative institutions to benefit society by eliminating the administrative corruption cases within those new alternative administration formations.
I also requested that other countries carry out significant reforms and to found a watchdog committee capable of activating participation in choosing leaderships, following up the process of administrative reform, and watching administrative and organizational structures in addition to promoting continuous training. I also proposed the necessity of empowering the authority to create the second leading generation in institutions and enterprises as well as distribution of powers and responsibilities that motivate the organizational body to prepare qualified administrative leaders to guarantee monitoring against leading managers who may practice corruption. It is because those are trustworthy and close to the head of the state or the authority.
At more than one conference there was a request for reconsideration of the nation and a salaries scale in a manner to observe the inflation rate, reconsideration of workers system and their promotion and to adopt basis depending on proficiency and professional criteria in the process of employment and promotions along with a just system of salaries and wages securing justice in the distribution of income. The goal is to encourage skills and direct training establishments to prepare training opportunities in support of administrative planning and decision-making. They are also meant for building an authentic and accurate database.
Finally I think that making a success of the process of the targeted administrative reform is difficult without launching initiatives for reforming the public sector, works sector and the balanced development. In order to guarantee that reform will be effective it must start from the base of the pyramid, inside the civil society organizations and there must be concentration on surpassing the difficulties, on the other hand. That can be achieved through studying the latest principles of administration and benefiting from experiments of advanced countries in this regard as well as drawing up programs for qualification of the state's leaderships in organizational, administrative aspects continuously until attainment of the aspired for future.
Prof. Abdulaziz Al-Tarb is an economist and a professor in Political Science. He is the head of the Arab Group for Investment and Development.